What is Public Liability? In the Australian Capital Territory, public liability claims are governed under the Civil Law (Wrongs) Act...Read More
The Victorian Government established reformatory schools and detention centres to provide institutional care and confinement for young people deemed to be in the need of ‘correction’. The Department of Child Safety are responsible for the management of these government-run institutions.
In 1955, the Victorian Government established and opened Turana Youth Training Centre, situated in Royal Park, Parkville VIC.
Turana Youth Training Centre (previously known as the Royal Park Depot) operated as a detention centre for male children under the age of 18 who were committed to the care of the State of Victoria (otherwise known as wards of the State of Victoria). From 1955 until 1961, ‘Poplar House’ was used as the juvenile school for male child offenders.
Turana Youth Training Centre was managed by a Superintendent who supervised and reported to the Victorian government (through its agencies).
Turana Youth Training Centre closed in 1993 and was redeveloped as the Melbourne Youth Justice Centre.
Survivors reported that they suffered sexual, physical, and emotional abuse during their time as children at Turana Youth Training Centre.
A survivor reports that during his time at Turana Youth Training Centre the staff believed that he was homosexual and referred him for treatment to be “cured” of his homosexuality through conversion therapy. He had an electrode strapped to his ankle and he was shown images of naked men and women. He reports that he received an electric shock whenever a naked man appeared on the screen. When the other children in Turana Youth Training Centre found out about this, he was labelled a “bum boy” and was sexually abused. He reports that when he reported to the staff that he was being abused by the other boys, their response was to increase the level of electric shock they were subjecting him to.
In 2015/2016, the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse heard from numerous survivors who suffered sexual abuse at Turana Youth Training Centre and found how horrific and cruel the abuse was at the institution. In its report, the Royal Commission found that:
Public Liability Claims 公共責任索賠是基於第三方有過錯。如果您想成功索賠賠償，您必須能夠證明自己以外的另一方的過錯（或通常被描述為疏忽）。如果您無法確定疏忽，那麼即使您因事件而受到傷害，您也無權獲得任何賠償。 如果您能夠確定疏忽，那麼根據您的具體情況，您可能有權向被告索賠四項損害賠償： 1. 醫療和治療費用 您可能能夠申請合理且必要且與您的受傷相關的醫療和治療費用。這些可能包括藥費（藥物費用）、專家諮詢、手術和附帶費用、物理治療師、脊椎按摩師、放射學掃描等。您還可能有權獲得往返您的治療提供者的合理旅行費用。 藥品費用與通常從藥房購買的物品有關。這些費用的報銷也需要評估費用是否“合理和必要”。通常在購買前與您的醫生討論是否需要藥物就足夠了。 為了支持您的醫療和治療費用索賠，您必須與您的主治全科醫生討論建議的治療，獲得建議治療的轉介，並保留您自己接受和支付的任何治療的收據副本。 2. 工資損失（經濟損失） 如果您能證明您的受傷已經或將會對您的收入能力產生影響，您可能有權就過去和未來的收入損失提出索賠。 這可能包括因受傷、失去職業晉升或機會、無法恢復受傷前的工作時間和職責, 需要提前退休, 或完全喪失工作能力而無法重返工作。 您也可能有權就過去和未來的退休金供款損失提出索賠。 3. 家庭護理和援助 如果您因無法做家務或照顧自己而從家人或朋友那裡得到無償照顧和幫助，您可以就該幫助要求賠償。如果您已支付商業家庭援助費用，我們建議您保留付款收據的副本，因為您也可以將此作為索賠的一部分。 ...Read More